In the era of mistrust on politicians, there have been very few leaders for whom their supporters are willing to die, not only for one, two or five years but for more than three decades! Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa has also been one of them, who left her mortal body after swinging between life and death in the hospital for several days. By raising positive expectations about the health of Jayalalitha, who was undergoing treatment, her supporters on every medical bulletin were still standing outside the hospital, so her supporters across the state of Tamil Nadu are now mourning. The news of this politician Jayalalithaa becoming ill and in critical condition had already become national news and as long as she remained ill, Jayalalithaa’s supporters continued to cry with fear of her passing. Many prominent leaders of the country including President Pranab Mukherjee, Prime Minister Narendra Modi have expressed grief over the demise of Jayalalithaa, so the entire state has been declared a high alert for the law and order situation should not be out of control. The very complicated question is, what is so special about Amma that her supporters want her so much? After all, why his supporters, who like this politician, have been raising slogans of Jai ‘Lalitha’, Jai ‘Amma’ during his lifetime? The simple answer lies in his attitude and political decisions.
- Born: 24 February 1948, Mysore, India
- Field of work: Former actress, politician
Komalavalli, also known as Jayalalithaa, was born in Mysore on 24 February 1948 to Vedavalli and Jayaram. His family is related to the royal family of Mysore. His grandfather was a royal doctor in the Mysore court, and he introduced the word ‘Jai’ at the beginning of his family’s name to make it known to the people that he had a social connection with King Jayachamararajendra Wodeyar of Mysore. Jayalalithaa died when her father was only two years old. She then moved to Bangalore to be with her mother and maternal grandfather. Jayalalithaa studied at Bishop Cotton Girls School in Bangalore for a few years and then her mother went to Chennai to try her luck in films. After coming to Chennai, he attended Church Park Presentation Convent and Stella Maris College. Since childhood, Jayalalithaa was a bright student and she wanted to study law but wrote something else in luck. Due to the financial troubles of the family, his mother suggested him to work in films. At the age of just 15, Jayalalithaa established herself as the lead actress.
Jayalalithaa started her acting with Shankar V Giri’s English film “Apistle”, but she did not get any recognition from this film. In 1964 Jayalalithaa’s first Kannada film ‘Chinnada Gombe’ was released. The film was highly appreciated by the critics and the public also liked it. After a year, she acted in the Tamil film ‘Venira Adai’ and soon after that she also entered the Telugu cinema. Over the next few years, she became an iconic artist due to her impressive acting in Tamil films. MG on cinema screen Their pairing with Ramachandran was very successful and the audience also liked the pair immensely. In the last years of his film Safar, he also worked with noted actors like Jaishankar, Ravichandran and Shivaji Ganesan. In 1968, he acted in the Hindi film Izzat in which Dharmendra was the lead actor. His film career slowed down a bit in the 1980s. His last film was ‘Nadhiya Thedi Vandha Kadal’ after which he decided to join politics.
In his film career, he did most of the films from 1965 to 1972. Started with Ramachandran and also started his political career in 1982 with MG Ramachandran. In 1984, he was made a member of the Rajya Sabha from Tamil Nadu. After the death of Ramachandran in 1987, Jayalalithaa gave herself to MG. The declared successor of Ramachandran.
Prior to her entry into politics, she was a popular actress and has worked in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada films as well as a Hindi and an English film.
- Jayalalitha Jayaram is the general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (Anna DMK) and the Chief Minister of the state of Tamil Nadu. He is one of the few ex-eminent superstars who not only earned a reputation in the field of cinema but has also been instrumental in the politics of Tamil Nadu.
- She was the first woman to become the Leader of the Opposition in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1989. At present, Jayalalithaa has solid control in the current politics of Tamil Nadu. In 1991, she became the Chief Minister of the state for the first time.
- In 2011, the public elected Jayalalithaa as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time. He started many welfare projects in the state. In her early term, Jayalalithaa carried out development works such as water harvesting projects and industrial sector development plans.
- All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) founder M.K. G. Ramachandran appointed him as publicity secretary and four years later in 1984, he was nominated to the Rajya Sabha. In a short time, they are AIADMK Became an active member of. They got MGR He was considered a political partner of AI and in the medium of expansion, he also got AIADMK. Shown as the successor to.
- When M.G. When Ramachandran became Chief Minister, Jayalalithaa was given the responsibility of the post of General Secretary of the party. After his death, some members gave Janaki Ramachandran an AIADMK.
- Wanted to inherit and for this reason, A.I.A.D.M.K. Butt was split in two. One group was supporting Jayalalithaa and the other faction was Janaki Ramachandran. In 1988, the party was expelled under Section 356 of the Indian Constitution. In 1989, A.I.A.D.M.K. Reorganized and Jayalalithaa were made the head of the party. After that Jayalalithaa won the assembly elections in 1991, 2002 and 2011, despite many corruption allegations and controversies.
- During her political career, Jayalalithaa has been accused of embezzlement of government capital, illegal land acquisition, and disproportionate assets. She was also sentenced on 27 September 2014 in a case of ‘disproportionate assets’ and had to quit as Chief Minister but was acquitted by the Karnataka High Court on 11 May 2015, after which she again became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
- On June 21, 2001, Jayalalithaa, after coming to power, dragged her political rival Karunanidhi to jail at two o’clock in front of the camera, which caused a lot of uproar across the country. In 2001, Jayalalithaa had taken a big decision to ban lottery tickets in Tamil Nadu, then the sacrifice of animals in temples was also banned in the same year, but after a bitter defeat in the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, she had to change her decision. Was forced to. Not only this, Jayalalithaa had removed two lakh striking employees from their jobs simultaneously while taking strict action against the employees going on strike.
- It is understandable that Jayalalithaa could have taken decisions that pushed her towards such a heavy and unpopularity, but Jayalalithaa was Jayalalithaa, she took the decision she had to take and took it in her stride. Many of her decisions were directly related to the public interest, such as for the first time in the state, the credit of opening a female police station also goes to Jayalalithaa. He opened women’s police stations and also deployed only women policemen there. Similarly, in 1992, the ‘Cradle Baby Scheme’ was launched for the protection of girls, so that orphans and destitute girls can have a happy life.
- Similarly, in 2013, Jayalalithaa started the ‘Amma Canteen’ to provide food to the poor people at a discounted rate, which was criticized by economists a lot, but ‘Amma’ decided to do so. In this canteen, idli for one rupee, two chapattis for three rupees, one plate ‘sambar-lemon rice’ or ‘curd-rice’ is given for five rupees.
- In public interest decisions, in 2016, Jayalalithaa, in keeping with her poll promise of liquor ban, took a major decision to close 500 liquor retail shops in the state in the first phase, which also sparked a lot of uproar. What political analysts say to them in their estimates, but the fact is that their supporters kept calling them ‘Amma’ only because of their attitude and decisions, and their status of ‘Amma’ remained for a lifetime.
- Talking about her life before political life, Jayalalithaa’s grandfather, born in a Tamil family on 24 February 1948, was a surgeon, she had to face her father’s exile at a young age of 2 years. After this Jayalalithaa’s mother took him to Bangalore and from there Jayalalithaa started working in Tamil cinema.
- Jayalalithaa started acting as the main heroine in Kannada films at the age of 15 after working in an English film named ‘Episol’ and earned a lot of fame with actor Shivaji Ganesan. In this episode, apart from Tamil, Telugu, Kannada films, Jayalalithaa also worked in a Hindi film and how the political journey after cinema brought her to the stage of popularity.
- Jayalalithaa came into politics through MG Ramachandran and after her death, Jayalalithaa had captured her legacy. Let us tell you that in 1983 MGR made Jayalalithaa the secretary of the party, then later nominated for Rajya Sabha.
- After that Jayalalithaa became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in 1991 and then this trend continued continuously.
- Talking about controversies, he was also punished by the court in the matter of disproportionate assets, but this did not make much difference to his popularity in public.
- Administratively, Jayalalithaa’s decisions were well received by the people and in the natural calamity like tsunami, her administration is well known till date.
- Although she proved to be a failure in dealing with flood-like situations in Chennai, she was also accused of being stubborn and rude with corruption charges, but the fact was that she always stood before the public as a meat leader. Stayed His supporters kept him in his head in every situation.
- He is no longer with us, but his legacy as AIADMK is before the people of Tamil Nadu. The leader of AIADMK takes this legacy ahead of him or if this party, dependent on the image of ‘a leader’, collapses, it will be a matter to be seen.
- In this order, Jayalalithaa’s much-trusted minister, O Panneberselvim, was chosen as the new leader of the party by Anna and DMK and late in the night, Governor C. Vidyasagar Rao administered him the oath of office and secrecy as Chief Minister, despite his Tamil Nadu politics. The possibility of major turmoil in India cannot be ruled out.
- However, Amma’s place is going to remain safe in history and the minds and minds of the people of Tamil Nadu for a long time.
Some important things in his life
Turning the pages of her life, it seems very interesting that Jayalalithaa wanted to become a lawyer since childhood, but luck brought her to the movies.
After doing about 140 films, he contested the assembly elections in politics 8 times and shone like a pole star in the sky of popularity.
It has not been that Jayalalithaa’s journey was such an easy one, but the way the DMK and AIADMK members had a scuffle in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly on March 25, 1989, and forcibly co-operated with Jayalalithaa, she expressed widespread sympathy towards Jayalalithaa.Was born Then Jayalalithaa came out of the assembly with her torn sari and people strongly cursed the ruling party for this incident.
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It was on this day that Jayalalithaa said that she would come to the House only after becoming the Chief Minister, otherwise she would not come! Her pledge was fulfilled in 1991 when Jayalalithaa reached an electoral pact with the Congress after Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination and won 225 out of 234 seats.
She had to struggle even after Jayalalithaa was not allowed to come near her body after MGR’s death, but she continued her political journey with great patience and that’s why AIADMK ministers, MLAs, MPs, and their supporters Also called ‘Amma’ and ‘Purachi Talai’ i.e. ‘revolutionary leader’. Certainly in Tamil Nadu politics, Jayalalithaa had made her image very big, even ahead of her mentor, the mentor MGR!
In her political life, Jayalalithaa has also been in controversies in corruption cases. He has also been sentenced to court in corruption cases.
Filmfare Best Telugu Actress Award for the film ‘Shri Krishna Satya’
Filmfare Best Tamil Actress Award for ‘Suryakanthi’
Kalaimmani Award from Tamil Nadu Government
Honorary Doctorate Degree in Literature from Madras University
Dr. MGR Medical University, Tamil Nadu conferred Honorary Doctorate in Science
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University conferred an honorary doctorate in science
Bharthidasan Vishwavidyalaya gave a doctorate in literature
Dr. Ambedkar Law University conferred an honorary doctorate in law
Time Line (Life Events)
- 1948: Jayalalithaa born on 26 February in Mysore
- 1961: Film debut of Epistle Film
- 1964: Debut in Kannada film for the first time
- 1965: Jayalalitha made her Tamil film Kariyar
- 1972: Filmfare Best Actress Award
- 1980: Selected as Publicity Secretary by MGR
- 1984: Nomination to Rajya Sabha
- 1989: victory in assembly elections
- 1991: Became Chief Minister for the first time
- 2002: Jayalalithaa wins Vidhan Sabha elections for the second time
- 2011: Became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by winning the Legislative Assembly elections